Twelve myths about first aid debunked! It’s important to be confident in your knowledge of first aid to know how to help in a medical emergency and to avoid unnecessary trips to the hospital. However, information available on the internet and gossip tips can be misleading and have led to many myths about first aid.
In this article we discuss and debunk 12 common myths about first aid and explain the correct approach.
1. Pacemakers are complicated to use.
This myth is dangerous because it can cost lives. In fact, pacemakers are very easy to use and you don’t need special training to use them. Pacemakers (defibrillators) walk you through and walk you step-by-step through what you need to do to help save someone’s life and give people the best possible chance of survival. If you can put a bandage on a patient’s chest within 3 minutes and deliver a shock, the chances of survival go up from about 6% to 74%. This decreases by 10% for every minute delay in using the device.
Plus, the defibrillator won’t let you shock them if the casualty doesn’t need it! Therefore, you can do no wrong and using a defibrillator will not do any harm. So apply the pads, turn on the machine, and it will tell you what to do. However, you need to use the defibrillator along with giving quality CPR. that it CPR It pumps oxygenated blood to the sufferer’s heart and brain – if it didn’t, they wouldn’t survive.
click over here Learn more about pacemakers.
2. Tilt the head back if someone has a nosebleed.
Some people believe that this myth comes from people trying to avoid having blood on the floor when they have a nosebleed. Correct first aid for Nose bleeding It is for the individual to sit on the floor and bend forward, pressing the bleeding blood vessels on the inside of the nose to prevent blood from draining.
Leaning forward while pressing on the nose will allow you to see when the bleeding has stopped and will avoid blood flowing down the throat, which could make it sick. You should apply pressure and try to squeeze the leaking blood vessels on the inside of the nose to stop the bleeding. Keep changing your grip until you get to a point where no blood comes out and you squeeze for at least 10 minutes. Release the pressure slightly, and if he starts bleeding again, continue for another 10 minutes. Repeat this up to 3 times before seeking additional medical advice. If you cannot control the bleeding with pressure and there is persistent heavy bleeding – seek medical help.
3. If someone swallows something poisonous or corrosive.
A common myth is that the best way to treat ingested toxins is to make someone sick. It is important to remain calm and not induce vomiting as if they have swallowed a corrosive substance that will burn the throat again as the corrosive product returns.
Instead, you should wipe any visible material away from their faces or hands. If you think they have ingested a corrosive substance, you should call an ambulance with the individual encouraged to pump milk or water around their mouth and spit it out. You can also give them small sips of milk or water to loosen the product down their throat.
Please click the link for more information on what to do if someone swallows Dishwasher tablets, or liquid tablets.
Button batteries can also be dangerous – please click over here For more information on how to help if someone has swallowed a button battery.
4. If someone has a deep wound, anything in it should be removed.
If an object gets stuck in the wound, it may be causing some bleeding. Removing the object may also lead to more trauma because you do additional damage when trying to remove it.
Ideally, sit or position the casualty in the most appropriate position for the location of the wound and the amount of blood lost. If they feel dizzy and show early signs of shock, elevate their legs. Raising the bleeding area above the level of the heart is likely to slow the bleeding. Please note that the latest guidelines no longer recommend elevation, but this is just because elevation alone will not stop the bleeding and pressure is more important. Use direct pressure on the wound to stop the bleeding. Keep waiting 10 minutes to give time for clots to form. Once the bleeding is under control, bandage the wound. If the wound is bleeding from the first bandage, put another bandage on top of it. Next, if the wound is bleeding through the second dressing, you should remove the dressings and make sure that you are applying pressure directly to the source of the wound. If there is very heavy bleeding that you cannot control with direct pressure, you may need to use other measures such as packing the wound or possibly using a tourniquet. learn more over here.
5. Use a paper bag to help someone with hyperventilation.
People used to think that breathing in and out of paper bags was beneficial during a panic attack, and the physiology makes sense; Breathing in a panic causes a loss of carbon dioxide into the blood and breathing into a bag restores the lost carbon dioxide. However this is no longer recommended.
However, it can be dangerous to use a paper bag when someone is having an asthma attack and can make things considerably worse.
If someone has frequent panic attacks and they are persistent and severe, the patient may be referred for professional help. Read this is Article for more information on helping those who suffer from panic attacks.
6. Ice should be placed on the burn.
Applying ice to a burn is a myth that it can cause further tissue damage. You should hold the burn under cold running water for 20 minutes. This will significantly help reduce tissue damage, accelerate re-epithelialization (healing) and reduce scarring.
If you can, remove loose clothing and jewelry from the casualty, but it is very important not to remove anything stuck in the burn. Finally, you should cover the burn with cling film to keep the burn moist, clean and prevent infection, this reduces the chance of scarring.
Please do not apply anything other than an appropriate burn dressing over the burn. Never put butter, toothpaste, potatoes, or anything else on a burn.
7. Wrap the heat and sweat from the fever.
It is very common for people to have an elevated temperature. A high temperature is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Please be aware that the person you are caring for could have an infectious disease. Therefore, take extra steps to make sure that you do not put yourself at risk of contracting it.
- Open the windows and allow the air to circulate, but do not let them in a draft or let them cool down
- Give them plenty of fluids
- Look for signs of dehydration
- Give them small portions of easily digestible food if they want to eat it
- Check it regularly and at night
- Give paracetamol if they are in pain. This will also help reduce the fever.
- Get medical advice if you are concerned that it is getting worse, or your fever does not change within 3 or 4 days
- Give them a piece of wet flannel so that they find a soothing emollient to wipe their forehead and wrists.
Things to avoid:
- Don’t undress your baby or overuse a sponge to soothe him – a fever is a normal, healthy response to infection. However, as mentioned earlier, some people find that a cool vanilla on their forehead or pulse points is soothing and can help reduce a fever.
- Avoid covering up too much clothing or bed linen – it’s not a good idea to sweat from a fever. It is best to wear light cotton sleepwear. Open a window for air circulation, but don’t sit in a draft.
- Never give aspirin to anyone under 16
- It is not a good idea to combine ibuprofen and paracetamol, unless they are used GP tells you that
- Refrain from giving paracetamol to a child less than two months old
- Avoid giving ibuprofen to someone who has coronavirus, chickenpox, or shingles because it may make things worse
- When someone has a high temperature it can lead to seizures known as febrile convulsions. Check out these tips on how to deal with a Fever.
8. Put something in someone’s mouth if they are having a seizure.
Do not put anything in someone’s mouth if they are having a seizure. This myth can damage their teeth and cause trauma to their mouths.
It is common for someone having a seizure to bite their tongue and this can cause bleeding and their saliva may be stained with blood. However, any damage to their tongue is likely to heal quickly.
Putting something in a patient’s mouth can be dangerous and cause long-term shock.
9. Put someone’s head between their knees if they faint.
Instructing someone to put their head between their knees may cause the patient to fall forward and cause further damage.
Instead, lie on their backs and elevate their legs to help increase blood flow to the heart and brain. Next, be sure to monitor your airway and breathing. If they are unconscious and breathing, but do not spin quickly, you should roll them into the recovery position. If they stop breathing, get ready to perform CPR. We know the recovery position and CPR In all of our first aid courses.
10. You should urinate on a jellyfish sting.
It is often advised to urinate on a jellyfish sting. However, vinegar is a much better remedy if it is available. Some beach resorts and lifeguards have vinegar ready to use.
Instead, soak the area in hot water after rinsing it with salt water. If you have significant pain, feel free to take ibuprofen or paracetamol to help soothe the pain.
For more information about Jellyfish and sea urchin injuries Please click here
11. You should always use the Heimlich maneuver if someone is choking.
The Heimlich maneuver (or abdominal thrust) shouldn’t be your first course, this is actually a myth. It is a second line treatment. First line treatment should always be backhand strokes as this can quickly dislodge the object without causing any damage.
First, keep calm and ask them to cough to try to remove the object themselves.
If it doesn’t work, bend them forward while supporting their chest with your hand. You may find it easier to put the children on your lap.
Use the flat of your other hand to give a sharp blow to the back between the shoulder blades.
Check to see that the blockage is cleared before another blow to the back. Repeat the blows in sets of five before checking to see if the blockage has cleared.
If back strikes don’t work, take an ambulance on the way.
Then try abdominal thrusts. Stand behind the person who is choking and put one hand into a fist under the rib cage. Use the other hand to pull up and down to remove the obstacle. Think of it as a J-shaped motion to pull the rib cage up and down.
Perform abdominal thrusts up to 5 times, checking each time to see if the blockage has cleared.
If the person is still choking, call 999 (or 112) and alternate five back blows and five abdominal compressions until emergency help arrives.
If a person loses consciousness at any moment, start CPR.
12. Ask someone to cough if they are having a heart attack.
There is no medical evidence to support the idea of “coughing CPRThis is a myth.
If you suspect someone is having a heart attack, help them sit in a lazy W position and call 999. Don’t believe the cough myth – it is useless and can waste valuable time. Help them take 300mg of aspirin if they are prescribed it and be prepared to offer it CPR If they lose consciousness.