IBS types, symptoms, and treatments: IBS-D, IBS-C, IBS-M, IBS-U

I’ve heard of IBS. You may be a card-carrying member of the #hotgirlshaveIBS club. But what is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? exactly? IBS stands for irritable bowel syndrome, a common disorder that affects the large intestine. Let’s just pass over the word “disorder” for a second, because while “disease” and “disorder” are often used interchangeably in health care, there are some important differences that can be useful to know here. The disease usually has a clear cause and a set of symptoms – it is Measurable. Examples include influenza (infectious), psoriasis (autoimmune), and depression (mental). The disorder occurs when your regular programs are disrupted—something is clearly malfunctioning, and you may experience a host of symptoms, but they are not quite as pronounced as an illness. In the case of irritable bowel syndrome, there is no biomarker for it, and there is no test you can take that will say you are positive or negative.

That’s why women with IBS sometimes struggle for answers. I say women because that’s hi Cosmobut also because women are twice as likely than men to experience IBS, in Cleveland Clinic. “The reason for higher rates of IBS in women is not entirely clear, but disruption to the sex hormones will lead to a change in gut bacteria and increase inflammation, exposing you to IBS,” he says. Jennifer RowlandsMD, board-certified OB/GYN and CEO of Well Woman MD. More about the risk factors and causes of IBS in a minute.

First, let’s move on to types. There are four main types of IBS, according to John DamianosMD, an internist who focuses on gastroenterology at Yale New Haven Hospital. To help you and your doctor figure out what type of IBS you have, it may be helpful to start a Poop Diary to keep track of…details. ready? (Warning: We’re about to get really specific information about 💩.)

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What is IBS-D?

Here the letter “D” stands for diarrhoea. As a reference point, let’s imagine a healthy stool is the texture of a peeled banana. If you have IBS-D, you’ll notice when you look at your poop diary that over a quarter of your stool is the consistency of juice or even a cup of OJ versus that sweet banana. Less than a quarter of your stools are hard and lumpy, such as bits of dried fruit or crumbled crackers. You will feel a frequent urge to get to the bathroom and between visits, you may feel very gassy. Abdominal pain is also a problem.

What is IBS-C?

The letter “C” stands for constipation – the other end of the spectrum from IBS-D. More than a quarter of your poo is hard, lumpy dried fruit bits and crumbly cookies, while you want it to be the texture of a banana. You have less gross bowel movements – it’s like a gift when you have to go, and even then, you might be really straining to get the job done. Like those with IBS-D, you’re a friend with abdominal pain, gas, and bloating.

What is IBS-M?

Dr. says. Damianus states that this is a “mixed” category, meaning that you alternate between periods of diarrhea and constipation. Sometimes, it’s all going to kick off on the same very exciting day. The standard symptoms are not relieved: abdominal pain, gas, and bloating.

What is IBS-U?

“U” stands for unspecified, which means you “do not fully meet criteria for a D, C, or M, but you clearly have abdominal pain related to changes in your stool,” says Dr. Damianos. You are lucky!

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What are the risk factors for irritable bowel syndrome?

  • age <50
  • female
  • Family history/genetic predisposition
  • Anxiety/Depression/Mental Health Problems
  • Low quality of life

    One common example of poor quality of life, Dr. Rowlands says, is the SAD diet, also known as the Standard American Diet, which is rich in processed foods and sugar. “This diet creates a bacteria microbiome that poorly absorbs nutrients, which leads to weight gain and IBS symptoms,” she says.

    And when it comes to mental health issues, “extreme stress or previous trauma disrupts the serotonin pathway in the brain and gut. It also causes inflammation and an imbalance of sex hormones.”

    What causes irritable bowel?

    No matter what type of IBS you have, it’s hard to pinpoint the root cause because there are so many possibilities, like your friend has yet to be identified. But research shows that some of the common factors are:

    • Poor communication between the gut and the brain, which can be affected by stress and anxiety: “The brain and the gut are two sides of the same coin — biologically, they develop from the same protocells — so if you have a brain problem, you are more likely to have gut problems, and vice versa,” says Dr. Damianus. “We see this clinically. If we look at people with psychiatric conditions, such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, and neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, these individuals are more likely to have GI dysfunction. Similarly, people who Those with chronic gastrointestinal conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis), irritable bowel syndrome, or celiac disease, are more likely to develop neuropsychiatric problems including anxiety, depression, and PTSD.”
    • Previous intestinal infections or food poisoning: Max Pittmann, MD, gastroenterologist and medical director at Salvo Health. “It’s a chronic condition that can take years to go away,” he adds, but unlike the previously mentioned types of irritable bowel syndrome, which are determined based on symptomswith PI-IBS, you know Wave of your Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
    • Genetics: Dr. says. Bateman.
    • Other potential contributors include: Imbalances in gut bacteria or small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SIBO); cSwinging in the ‘kinetics’ of the gut It is also known as how fast or slow the movement of food and waste through the digestive system; and finally, visceral hypersensitivity, As in the case of sensitive nerves in the digestive system

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      When should I see a doctor for IBS?

      If you have symptoms for more than two weeks, it is time to see a doctor. Dr. Rowlands says you can make the most of your appointment by planning questions such as:

      1. When did the pain start?
      2. How often do you suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms?
      3. Do you often suffer from constipation or diarrhea?
      4. How long have you been facing this problem?
      5. Is there anything that relieves or worsens GI symptoms?
        1. In addition to your poop diary, Dr. Rowlands highly recommends that patients bring a 5-day food diary. “Write down what you eat at each meal and snack, then note how you feel 15 minutes to two hours later,” she says. “Take this information to your doctor to help them assess the cause of your digestive symptoms.” Once the diagnosis is done, you can focus on it Possible treatments And show IBS who’s boss.

          What are the possible treatments for Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

          If you only have mild symptoms, some basic lifestyle modifications may help: manage stress, get enough sleep, exercise, and drink plenty of water. but we know, we know. Easier said than done.

          So, if symptoms persist or worsen nonetheless: Put a few days in your journal and talk to your doctor about reducing or eliminating suspect foods. Your doctor may also want to avoid them FODMAPgluten, and/or high-gas foods (including soft drinks and alcohol).

          Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may also suggest:

          • fiber supplements
          • probiotics
          • laxatives
          • Antidiarrheal drugs
          • Pain medications
          • Some antidepressants
          • Prescriptions for IBS (based on your type)

            Because IBS is closely related to mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and mood disorders, your doctor may also recommend treatment as part of your treatment.