Public knowledge of monkeypox has increased rapidly in recent weeks despite persistent misconceptions and uncertainty, and more than a quarter of Americans say they are unlikely to get a monkeypox vaccine if they were exposed to it, according to the New Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC).
An August National Commission survey found that 1 in 5 Americans (21%) are somewhat concerned or very concerned about contracting. monkeypox In the next three months, statistically the same as in the July survey (19%).
The findings come as officials in California and Texas reported the death of two people who contracted monkeypox, which was announced as public health emergency on August 4 by US health officials. As of September 12, there were 21,985 Confirmed US casesAccording to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In late August, however, the rate of increase in new cases slowed in parts of the United States, leading CDC Director Rochelle Walinsky to say she was “cautiously optimistic.”
The survey found increases in knowledge over a month since the last APPC survey:
- More than half (61%) know the monkeypox vaccine exists, up from 34% in July.
- The vast majority (84%) know that monkeypox is usually spread by close contact with an infected person, compared to 69% in July.
- Nearly two-thirds (63%) know that MSM are more likely to get monkeypox — compared to a third (33%) in July.
- if exposed to monkeypox virusMost Americans (73%) say they are most likely to get the vaccine – although more than a quarter (27%) say they are “very unlikely” or “not at all likely” to get a vaccine.
“At a time when people question the ability of public health authorities to effectively communicate important information about the health risks involved, it is thanks to their efforts and the efforts of the news media that the public has rapidly gained critical knowledge about the new,” said Kathleen Hall Jamison. Director of the Center for Public Policy at Annenberg, said the health threat is posed by monkeypox.
The nationally representative panel of 1,621 American adults surveyed by the SSRS for the Center for Public Policy at the University of Pennsylvania at Annenberg from August 16-22, 2022, was the eighth wave of the Annenberg Science Knowledge (ASK) survey that selected respondents For the first time in April. 2021. The sampling error margin is ±3.3 percentage points at the 95% confidence level.
monkeypox, a a rare disease Caused by the orthopoxvirus, it is a less lethal member of the same family of viruses as smallpox, to me Center for Disease Control. The disease was discovered in 1958, and is usually characterized by a rash and transmitted from person to person by direct contact with the rash, scabs, or infectious body fluids of an infected person; respiratory secretions by touching objects that have come into contact with infectious body fluids; by a pregnant woman to a fetus through the placenta; or to and from infected animals. On September 7 The Center for Disease Control saidMonkeypox is often transmitted through close and continuous physical contact, associated almost exclusively with sexual contact in the current outbreak. (For more information on monkeypox, see APPC’s FactCheck.org‘s Question and Answer.)
Among the results:
- Familiarity with monkeypox: Although the vast majority (80%) of people in the July survey said they had “viewed, read, or heard” something about monkeypox within the past month, in August more than a third (35%) considered themselves to be somewhat What or very familiar with the disease, while 65% were not or were not familiar with it.
- Concerns about monkeypox1 in 5 Americans (21%) worry about getting monkeypox within the next 3 months, the same as in July (19%). (The July survey also found 30% are concerned about contracting COVID within the next three months.)
- Although the vast majority of cases were among men who have sex with men, women were still more concerned about getting it: 26% of women say they are concerned about getting monkeypox versus 17% of men.
- Few know someone who has monkeypox: 96% said they did not personally know anyone who had monkeypox, while 2% said they knew and 2% were unsure.
Knowledge of monkeypox
The survey found that:
- Find out how monkeypox spreads: 84% know that monkeypox is usually spread by close contact with an infected person, up from 69% in July.
- Isolate if injured: 77% know that people with monkeypox should isolate at home until the rash goes away, Recommended by the Center for Disease Control.
- Most people don’t know monkeypox is less contagious than COVID: Only 41% know monkeypox is less contagious than COVID-19, a statistically significant change since July (36%). Another 59% of survey respondents incorrectly believe monkeypox is either contagious (17%) or more contagious (5%) than COVID-19 or say they are unsure (37%). The The Center for Disease Control says Monkeypox is not known to “remain in the air and is not transmitted during short periods of common airspace” but through direct contact with an infected individual, materials that have come into contact with body fluids or sores, or through respiratory secretions during facial contact.” The infectious disease expert, Ann Remoen, Vox said Monkeypox “is not as highly transmissible as a disease like smallpox or measles, or certainly not COVID.”
Who is most likely to get monkeypox?
The survey found that people are aware of some of the risks of getting monkeypox:
- Are people who have contracted COVID-19 at greater risk? Nearly half of those surveyed (49%) know that infection with COVID-19 does not put a person at risk of developing monkeypox, up from 33% in July. But a similar percentage (47%) are not sure whether this is true or not.
- A greater risk for men who have sex with men? Nearly 2 in 3 (63%) people know there is a higher risk of monkeypox for men who have sex with men, a significant increase from 1 in 3 (33%) in July. However, 21% of those surveyed are not sure if this is true. in An interview with the Washington PostThe CDC director, Walinsky, said that MSM is the “most at risk community.” August CDC report said That of the cases of monkeypox in the United States with available data, 99% occurred among men, and 94% of them reported “recent male-to-male sexual contact or close intimate contact”.
- Higher risks if you share bedding? more than two thirds (68%) know that people are more likely to get monkeypox if they share bedding, clothing, or towels used by someone with monkeypox. A quarter (26%) are not sure if this is true.
- More risks when contacting face to face? Two-thirds (67%) know that people are more likely to get monkeypox if they have direct, face-to-face contact with someone who has monkeypox – but a quarter (24%) aren’t sure if this is true.
- Monkeypox and COVID-19 vaccine: The majority (71%) think it’s wrong to say that getting a COVID-19 vaccine increases your chances of getting monkeypox – a statistical close to 67% in July. There is no evidence for that.
Raising awareness of the monkeypox vaccine
Compared to July, in August, there was much more awareness of a vaccine to prevent monkeypox infection: 61% know that the monkeypox vaccine exists, up from 34% in July. However, the latest survey still finds that a total of 4 in 10 people (39%) are unsure whether or not a vaccine exists, down from 66% in July. Food and Drug Administration licensed A vaccine to prevent monkeypox, as well as a licensed smallpox vaccine is available to help prevent the disease, according to the CDC.
People can be vaccinated with the Jynneos monkeypox vaccine after, after Known or presumptive exposure to a person with monkeypox, ideally within four days after exposuresays the Center for Disease Control.
When survey participants were asked how likely they would be to receive the monkeypox vaccine if they had been exposed to monkeypox, less than half said they were “very likely”:
- 48% said they were more likely to get vaccinated
- 24% are somewhat likely to have been vaccinated
- 15% are unlikely to be vaccinated
- 12% are not likely to ever get vaccinated
Misinformation about monkeypox and conspiracy theories
as in july exploratory studyMost Americans don’t believe in conspiracy theories that monkeypox was either biologically engineered in a lab or released on purpose—although some remain unsure about what is right or wrong. Belief levels did not change significantly from July to August.
- Bioengineering in the lab: 57% say the idea that monkeypox was biodesigned in the lab is wrong (statistically similar to 54% in July). However, 15% said it was correct (statistically the same 12% in July) and more than a quarter (28%) are not sure. There is no evidence for that.
- intentional release (sold out of half a sample, MOE = ± 4.7 percentage points): More than half (60%) responded that it is wrong to say monkeypox was released on purpose, although a quarter (24%) are unsure and 16% think this is true. There is no evidence for that.
- Released to help Biden (Half sample asked, MOE = ± 4.7 percentage points): 70% refuse to say monkeypox was intentionally released by scientists to distract attention from the Biden administration’s failure. However, 18% were not sure whether this was true or false, and 12% said it was true. There is no evidence for that.
- Caused by 5G exposure: A large majority (82%) said it is wrong to assert that monkeypox is caused by exposure to a 5G signal, although 17% remain unsure. There is no evidence for that.
Submitted by the Annenberg Center for Public Policy at the University of Pennsylvania
the quote: Increasing Public Knowledge of Monkeypox (2022, September 15) Retrieved September 15, 2022 from
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