Recurrent meningitis: causes, risk factors, symptoms

“Mingingitis” is a term that describes inflammation of the layers of membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, called the meninges. Recurrent meningitis is a rare form of this condition. It occurs when meningitis clears up and then returns months or years later.

Some types of infections usually cause meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common form. Bacterial meningitis is the most serious type of meningitis.

Recurrent meningitis can be viral, bacterial, or non-infectious. Either way, they tend to cause milder symptoms than infrequent (one-time) meningitis.

When recurrent meningitis is caused by a viral infection, it is called molarite meningitis.

In this article, you will learn about the causes of recurrent meningitis, how it affects the body, and how it is treated.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord. Most cases of meningitis are acute, or short-lived, lasting anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.

Meningitis can also be chronic, or long-term, lasting for more than a month or so. Meningitis has many causes. Its cause can determine the severity of symptoms and the course of the condition.

Recurrent meningitis occurs when meningitis clears up and then returns months or years later. This can happen whether the meningitis goes away on its own or is resolved with treatment.

Between episodes of recurrent meningitis, people usually test negative for meningitis.

It can be difficult to distinguish recurrent meningitis from chronic meningitis. In some cases of chronic meningitis, symptoms can go away for months or years at a time, and then return during the attack. Between episodes of symptom flare-ups, the patient may still have meningitis.

Common viral infections cause most cases Meningitis in the United States. These infections tend to be mild. In healthy people, they usually clear up on their own.

Viral meningitis is not usually transmitted from person to person. Only a small portion of people with this infection will develop meningitis.

Bacterial meningitis is a more serious form of this condition. Requires emergency medical treatment. Bacterial meningitis is transmitted quickly. It often affects groups of people who live in confined spaces, such as bedrooms or military barracks.

Recurrent viral meningitis

Recurrent viral meningitis, also known as molarite meningitis, is usually caused by the herpes simplex virus. This virus somewhat well-knownBut it causes meningitis only in rare cases.

Some people infected with the herpes simplex virus have no symptoms, but others develop lesions in the mouth and genitals.

You can still get Mollaret meningitis even if you haven’t had any symptoms of herpes. More than half of people with molarite meningitis did not report any history of genital herpes.

The Epstein-Barr virus, which can cause mononucleosis (mono), has also been associated with recurrent meningitis.

Recurrent bacterial meningitis

Recurrent bacterial meningitis is rare. However, it can occur in people with certain risk factors (we discuss below). It can be caused by some different bacterial pathogens.

according to 2021 searchIt is the most common bacterial cause of recurrent meningitis Streptococcus pneumonia. It is also a common cause of ear infections, sinusitis, and pneumonia.

Another common reason is Haemophilus influenzae. It can also cause ear infections and more severe infections of the bloodstream.

Although less common in the developed world, tuberculosis can also cause meningitis. TB meningitis is often chronic, not recurrent, and requires long-term treatment.

Recurrent noninfectious meningitis

There is, too not contagious Causes of recurrent and chronic meningitis such as cancer, lupus and head injury.

Medication-induced meningitis is another possible cause. This can happen when someone has an unusual response to certain anti-inflammatory drugs, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Recurrent meningitis is a rare condition. When someone has recurrent meningitis, doctors usually look for underlying causes that may make the person more likely to develop infection or inflammation.

Often the underlying cause is a physical defect that facilitates the access of germs to the meninges. For example, a defect in the inner ear may spread an ear infection to the meninges.

Causes of meningitis returning include:

Certain conditions can also increase your risk of developing chronic meningitis, which is meningitis that doesn’t go away between attacks. These include:

Initial symptoms of bacterial and viral meningitis are similar and include:

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis are usually more severe than those caused by viral meningitis. But the symptoms of molarite meningitis can be more severe than regular viral meningitis.

Molarite meningitis symptoms appear quickly. It peaks within 12 hours and lasts about 3 to 4 days.

Bacterial meningitis is almost always considered a medical emergency that requires hospitalization. If not treated, it can lead to permanent brain damage and death.

The first step doctors use to diagnose meningitis is usually a lumbar puncture (spinal tap). This procedure allows doctors to take a sample of cerebrospinal fluid. This is the clear fluid that cushions the brain and spinal cord.

Health care professionals will analyze the cerebrospinal fluid for signs of meningitis.

The next step is to find out what type of meningitis you have. Your doctor will ask for a detailed account of your medical history. They will also send blood samples to a lab for analysis.

Finally, your doctor will need to find out why meningitis is recurring. They will use imaging tests, such as a CT scan and MRIand other diagnostic tests to look for risk factors, such as physical abnormalities or underlying conditions.

Treatment for meningitis depends on its cause. To treat an existing case of meningitis, doctors may prescribe:

  • Intravenous antibiotics
  • Oral antibiotics
  • antifungal agents
  • antiviral drugs

After treating the current case of meningitis, doctors will treat the underlying cause of recurrent meningitis. This may include any number of different treatments, such as:

  • surgery
  • pharmaceutical
  • Long-term case management

Not all types of meningitis can be prevented. But there are some steps you can take to protect yourself. This primarily means getting all recommended vaccinations.

Meningitis vaccines help protect you from several strains of bacterial meningitis. Vaccines are available To help prevent infections with pneumococcal, meningococcal, and Haemophilus influenzae bacteria, which can all lead to meningitis.

Vaccination against the measles, mumps and rubella viruses can also reduce the risk of infection that leads to meningitis.

Learn more about the vaccines available for meningitis.

Recurrent meningitis occurs when meningitis clears up and then comes back months or years later. Bacterial, viral, or non-infectious causes can lead to meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening emergency. Other types are milder.

Symptoms of meningitis include a stiff neck, fever and nausea. Recurrent viral meningitis or molarite meningitis comes on quickly, and symptoms peak within 12 hours.

Doctors perform a lumbar puncture to diagnose meningitis. They may need more tests to find out why meningitis has recurred.

Treating recurrent meningitis means treating both the acute condition and the underlying cause.