What is diabetic foot ulcer?

Do you have a sore in your foot that does not heal? While there can be many reasons for the same, diabetic It is important. Therefore, if you see any changes in the skin around the wound, fluid or pus discharge, redness, pain, swelling, or discoloration, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

What is diabetic foot ulcer?

diabetic foot ulcer It is a wound that usually occurs on your foot and is most often seen in people with diabetes. This type of ulcer begins as a small infection. Such as blisters, cracked, dry skin, or a small cut or scrape that you may have had. But, unlike other wounds, these wounds don’t heal over time and can become infected leading to some serious complications – which is why a quick treatment for diabetic foot ulcers is essential.

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The most important risk factor for developing diabetic ulcers is diabetic peripheral neuropathy, a condition in which nerves, especially in the lower extremities, are damaged by diabetic. Another reason for developing diabetic foot ulcers is peripheral artery disease (PAD), a condition in which the arteries in the legs become clogged. Statistically, about 15 to 25 percent of people worldwide develop diabetic foot ulcers and about 50 percent of these people develop these ulcers due to peripheral arterial disease.

It is important to know that diabetic foot ulcers are preventable. Following a simple daily foot care regimen can help prevent this condition from developing.

Symptoms and diagnosis of diabetic foot ulcers

Unfortunately, the signs and symptoms of a diabetic foot ulcer are not always obvious, and in some cases they may be noticed only after the ulcer has developed. One of the first signs of a diabetic foot ulcer is fluid leakage or drainage from your body Foot that may stain or seep your socks. Other early symptoms are swelling, redness, and noticing a foul odor from the area where the discharge appears. Your doctor will likely diagnose a foot ulcer by performing a physical examination and, if necessary, may recommend one or more diagnostic tests to obtain more information about the infection. Finally, your doctor will likely rate the severity of your ulcer on a scale of 0 to 5 using the Wagner Ulcer Rating System.

Causes of diabetic foot ulcers

Diabetic foot ulcers are most commonly caused by:
nerve damage
poor RotationEspecially in your extremities
High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)

Risk factors for diabetic foot ulcers

All people with diabetes are at risk of developing a foot ulcer, but some factors increase the risk of developing a diabetic foot ulcer. They are:

Neurological diabetes
Poorly fitting shoes
poor feet Cleanliness
Improper trimming of toenails or ingrown toenails
Previous history of a foot ulcer
Peripheral Artery Disease
varicose veins

All people with diabetes are at risk of developing a foot ulcer, but some factors increase the risk of developing a diabetic foot ulcer. (Source: Getty Images / Thinkstock)

Diabetic foot ulcer treatment

Treatment for diabetic foot ulcers depends on the severity of the ulcer. In less serious cases, your doctor may clean the wound and remove any dead leather Apply to the area and wrap it with a sterile bandage. In more severe cases, your doctor may need to perform surgery to treat the infection.

Prevention of foot ulcers

One of the most important aspects of diabetic foot ulcers is preventing their appearance. The first step to preventing this condition is to take care of your feet daily. This includes checking your feet regularly. do not walk BarefootEven indoors if you have neuropathy

Wear comfortable shoes that do not press or bite your feet, dry your feet well, especially between the toes, after showering or after washing them, trim your toenails carefully, and most importantly talk to your doctor when you notice an infection on your feet.

You can even ask your doctor to check your feet for any signs of infection when you go out regularly diabetic Consultation.

These steps are even more important if you are at higher risk of developing a diabetic foot ulcer than usual.

Some do’s and don’ts

* Wear appropriate shoes. Your shoes should have a good insole, a thick or protective sole, and have a covering around the toes.

* Do not wear tight shoes Because it can pinch or hurt your feet. Another important aspect is to always check the inside of your shoes for any foreign objects that could hurt you when wearing them.

* Have your feet checked regularly by your treating physician for any signs of ulcers.

* Clip your nails carefully. If you have toenails that are likely to cause damage to your feet, talk to your doctor and get a professional to help treat the condition.

* Wear shoes even at home, they can protect your feet and prevent any injuries.

* Avoid hot agitation as it can lead to blisters that can develop into ulcers.

* Do not squat because it reduces blood flow to the lower half of your legs and feet.

Finally, prevention is the best way to avoid developing diabetic foot ulcers. So, it’s time to take care of your feet and watch for any ulcers you might have. Treat your feet as you would your face.

(Dr. Ghanshyam Goyal Consultant Diabetologist and Diabetic Foot, ILS Hospital, Salt Lake, Kolkata)

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