What is diphtheria? A mother can prevent a “barking” cough in children by taking vitamin D supplements

Copenhagen, Denmark – A new study has revealed that vitamin D and fish oil supplementation can significantly help pregnant women prevent their babies from contracting a common chest viral infection.

Dr Niklas Brostad of Copenhagen University Hospital reports that women who took high doses of these supplements during pregnancy reduced their babies’ risk of developing diphtheria in the future by up to 40 percent.

croup is a chest infection This is common among young children. Although most cases are mild, some young children may need hospital treatment and mechanical support for breathing. Common symptoms of the disease are “barking” cough, hoarseness, and breathing problems.

There is currently no vaccine against the pathogen that causes this disease. Therefore, other preventive strategies are needed, and measures initiated during pregnancy may be important because diphtheria occurs in infants and young children. For this purpose, there is evidence that both vitamin D and fish oil can have an effect on the immune system.” Media release.

How much vitamin D should a pregnant woman take?

The study followed 736 pregnant women, who were recruited by the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Childhood Asthma in 2010. The researchers divided the expectant mothers into four groups, one taking Vitamin D supplement in high doses (2800 IU daily) and fish oil containing long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (2.4 grams).

The second group took a high dose of vitamin D and olive oil, the third group received a standard dose of vitamin D (400 IU) and fish oil, and the last group took a standard dose and olive oil.

All of these women continued to take the supplement from the 24th week of pregnancy until the postpartum week. The groups did not know how much vitamin D, fish oil or olive oil they were taking. The researchers also monitored the children until their third birthday. The doctor has diagnosed any children who may have had symptoms of croup during that time. In all, there were 97 cases of diphtheria during the study.

The results reveal that babies whose mothers took high doses of vitamin D daily during pregnancy had an 11 percent increased risk of developing diphtheria after birth. This risk increased to 18 percent if the baby’s mother took only standard doses – a difference of 40 percent.

Meanwhile, children whose mothers took fish oil supplements He also had an 11 percent risk of developing diphtheria. Those whose mothers ate olive oil had a 17 percent higher risk, a 38 percent difference.

“Our findings suggest that vitamin D and fish oil can be beneficial against childhood diphtheria in high enough doses. These are relatively inexpensive supplements which means this could be a very cost-effective approach to improving the health of young children,” Dr. Brostad’s report.

“We are not sure of the exact mechanisms behind Beneficial Effects of Vitamin D and fish oil, but they can stimulate the immune system to help infants and young children clear the infection more effectively.”

“We know that lung health in Babies and young children It can be affected during pregnancy. For example, lung health tends to be better for children whose mothers smoke. We are increasingly seeing that elements of a mother’s diet can also help or hinder the development of a child’s lung,” adds Professor Rory Morty of the University of Heidelberg and chair of the Lung and Airway Developmental Biology Group at the European Respiratory Society.

This research suggests that taking vitamin D and fish oil supplements during pregnancy could have benefits for infants and young children. We would like to see more research in this area to support these findings as this may lead to new recommendations for supplementation during pregnancy. Pregnant women should always speak to a doctor before taking supplements.”

Professor Morty was not involved in the research.

Dr. Brustad presented the results in International Congress of the European Respiratory Society.